Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat
  • simple
  • not lobed
  • fine, double teeth
  • all teeth same size
  • shorter stem
  • side veins near base longer than others
  • asymmetrical base, broad
  • large, 2" to 6" long
  • 4" to 6" long, pale green beneath
Fruit Characteristics
  • other fruit (not cone, winged, acorn, or in pod or capsule)
  • without husk or capsules
  • loose, not packed tightly together
  • fruit with pit
  • whole fruit less than 1 inch
  • not like rasperries
  • fruit not at end of single stalk
  • fruit loosely clustered
  • gray-green
Tilia americana

The tree grows in rich, moist, well-drained soil. It is found throughout glaciated Ohio, in the western, northwestern and northern parts of the state. The tough, fibrous inner bark has been used by Native American Indians and settlers in making rope, mats, and thongs. The wood is light and soft, and is well suited for working. Although rather weak, it has been used for cheap furniture, containers, beekeeping supplies, and various woodenware. Honeybees feed on the flowers, producing what is reputed to be a choice grade of honey. Birds eat the buds, small mammals eat the fruit, and several species feed on the bark and sprouts.

Tree Size height 60' - 80' diameter 2' - 3' Bark