Yellow Birch
Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat
  • simple
  • not lobed
  • fine, double teeth
  • small teeth between larger teeth
  • base symmetrical
  • base not wedge-shaped
  • leaf long, oval
  • narrows toward tip
  • twice as long as wide
Yellow Birch
Fruit Characteristics
  • cone or cone-like
  • cone greater than 1 inch long
  • wings on both sides of scales
  • seed with wings
  • smooth winged nutlets
  • cone short, robust
  • cone 2 times as long as wide
  • scales hairy
Yellow Birch
Betula alleghaniensis

The bark on limbs and young trunks is silvery-yellowish in color, hence the name. On older trunks the smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates. This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. In Ohio it most commonly occurs in the northeastern quarter of the state, but can be found southward in ravines along the western edge of the Allegheny Plateau. The Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch for lumber. Its hard, strong wood is used for furniture and various small objects. Deer, rabbits and beaver feed on this tree, and Ruffed Grouse eat the buds during the winter.

Tree Size height 60' - 80' diameter 2' - 4' Bark