The rough bark of this tree is dark brown to dark gray in color, furrowed, and is marked by rough ridges and plates. The twigs have rust-colored hairs. Its leaves are distinctive. The Southern Red Oak grows in sandy, upland soils and is found in mixed forests. It is a tree of the Old South, ranging from Maryland to Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas. Ohio is at the northern limit of its range; it is found only in a few of the southernmost counties. The wood of the Southern Red Oak is strong and coarse-grained. It warps and checks badly during drying, and its uses generally are limited to low-grade construction and fuel.