Carolina Silverbell
Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat leaves
  • simple leaves
  • not lobed
  • fine, double teeth
  • all teeth same size
  • shorter stem
  • all side veins same length
  • leaves long, not narrow
  • veins curved
  • less than 5 inches long
  • stem less than one-third length of leaf
  • short tip, veins not dense
  • oval
  • downy
Carolina Silverbell
Fruit Characteristics
  • in a pod or capsule
  • in a pod with 4 wings
Carolina Silverbell
Halesia carolina

This small tree sometimes grows as a large shrub. In the southern Appalachian Mountains, however, the Carolina Silverbell can grow to 80 feet in height. In 1966, a 33-foot specimen of this tree was recorded in Wayne County, Ohio. Often the trunk divides near the ground into several spreading branches. The bark is reddish-brown. On older trees it becomes fissured into broad, thin, loose scales. It generally grows under other, taller trees in hardwood forests on mountainous slopes. It often is found in moist soils along mountainous streams. The Carolina Silverbell has an irregular, disconnected range in the southeastern United States, and westward to Oklahoma. Ohio barely touches the northern limit of its range in this area. Lucy Braun records a single record of a wild tree from southern Scioto County. Although of limited supply, workers sometimes use the wood. Landscapers often plant the Southern Silverbell for its bell-shaped flowers.

Tree Size Bark Flower