Tuliptree (Yellow Poplar)
Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat
  • simple
  • pinnately lobed
  • smooth, without bristle tips
  • main vein ends in notch
Tuliptree (Yellow Poplar)
Fruit Characteristics
  • cone or cone-like
  • cone longer than 1"
  • cone soft & fleshy
  • scale ends with single wing
  • narrow, elongate scales
  • seed cavity 4-angled
Tuliptree (Yellow Poplar)
Liriodendron tulipifera

This is the tallest hardwood tree in eastern North America, reportedly reaching 200 feet in height. At 164 feet, a specimen of this tree growing in Belmont County is the largest single tree presently known in Ohio. Coincidentally, both the bright green leaves (in outline) and greenish-yellow flowers are tulip-shaped. The tree grows in deep, rich, and moist soil, and commonly is found in bottomlands. Its widespread distribution in Ohio is limited by drier portions of the west-central and northwestern parts of the state. The wood is soft and weak, but is very easily worked, and has many uses. Early settlers used the wood extensively in building, and made home remedies from the inner bark of the roots. Bees make honey from the blossoms, and various wildlife eat the fruit and twigs.

Tree Size height 80' - 150' diameter 4' - 6' Bark Twig and Buds Flower